The Urinary Tract Infection, Resistance, Antimicrobials, and Surveillance Project (URASP) aims to understand antimicrobial resistance in urinary tract infections by identifying the bacterial species and resistance patterns causing UTIs amongst HIV-infected women in Kampala.

URASP has been running since March 2017 and currently hosts 160 participants showing symptoms of UTIs. So far, 27 participants have positive urine cultures – with E. coli being the most prevalent organism found in culture results. Resistance to generally available antibiotics makes treatment difficult. On average, URASP is able to investigate 13 patients per month.

As this is currently a surveillance project, we plan to extend it into a fully-fledged research study which will address the question of low cultural yield. A doctoral student from Switzerland along with a physician from the Infectious Diseases Institute (IDI) will begin the first steps of this study, involving data evaluation.