Urinary tract infections (UTI) are among the most frequent infectious diseases. Due to a global increase in bacteria resistant to antibiotics, empirical antibiotic therapy will be evermore challenging. So far, few studies on antimicrobial resistance were conducted in sub-Saharan Africa, and available research findings are controversial. Furthermore, ample surveillance methods on antimicrobial resistance are not yet in place in many African countries.

The aim of this project is to identify the bacterial species and resistance patterns causing UTI in among women in Kampala. In order to achieve this, women above the age of 18 years with confirmed UTI irrespectively of their HIV-status are eligible to participate. Cultures and resistance testing will be performed on-site in collected urine samples. We hope to contribute to rational antibiotic use and the adaption of the guidelines where necessary.

If successful, we plan to roll out this surveillance project to other centers in the region.