Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common non-communicable diseases worldwide. The number of people with diabetes is increasing rapidly, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. In addition, it is estimated that up to 60% of patients with diabetes are undiagnosed.
With the growing prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the general population, it is expected that the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) will also increase. GDM is defined as glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy and is associated with maternal and fetal adverse outcomes. To date, epidemiological data from sub-Saharan countries is scarce, and comparability is hampered by varying screening methods and diagnostic criteria.
The investigators aim to establish a diabetes screening program for GDM, and to obtain epidemiological data on the prevalence of GDM in HIV positive women. This observational study recently started recruitment at the Prevention, Treatment & Care Unit of the Infectious Diseases Institute (IDI) in Kampala, Uganda. We would especially like to thank Fabio Wyrsch and Sabine Haller for their dedication in pushing this project forward.